India

History of Fergusson College

◊ GLIMPSES OF GLORIOUS HISTORY

With the end of the East India Company’s regime in India and the failure of the first armed uprising in 1857, for India’s freedom, a new era dawned in our country. It was clear that the emancipation of our land and the transformation of the life of our people had to be brought about by peaceful and constitutional means. Indian renaissance had began and it heralded the role which education needed to play to achieve national aspirations. Wood’s Education Despatch  (1854), the Education Commission of 1882 and the Hunter Commission (1891), were all indicative of the concerted efforts, of both the Government and the Indian people, in the enterprise of education. The Founders of the Fergusson College had first started the New English School, Pune in 1880 and later established the Deccan Education Society (DES) in 1884. 

This was followed by the bold step to start the first ever privately managed college in India, on the 2nd January 1885, naming it as the Fergusson College.  The name was given in appreciation of the support of Sir James Fergusson, the then Governor of Bombay Province and also the first Patron of the DES.  Principal William Wordsworth, the grandson of the famous poet, was the master of the ceremonies at the inaugural function of the college.  Thus, the Fergusson College bridged the gulf between the great city of London and Poona, the city of the Peshwas and on this occasion Sir Fergusson wished God’s blessings on this new venture.  The college received affiliation of the University of Bombay and began its onward march in higher education with the opening of the Arts classes, followed in 1892, with the science classes.  

The college held these classes, for almost ten years, in the old Gadre Wada and other locations in Poona.  A plot of about 37 acres (a portion of the present extensive campus) was acquired on a 99 years’ lease in 1891 by the DES. The foundation stone of the Main building of the Fergusson College, was laid in 1892 and the building was completed in 1895. The college started functioning on this campus in 1895. From then onwards, the college has grown from strength to strength and acquired a reputation as a nation-building institution. It has a place of pride in the hearts of the people, as a historical monument and a symbol of the country’s freedom struggle. While the founders Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi and Vaman Shivram Apte have become legends, in the history of education and the freedom struggle in India, it is a matter of great significance, that the college received active and moral support from academicians and statesmen, such as Principal William Wordsworth, Principal F.  G.  Selby, Lord Rippon, Sir William Wedderburn and Sir James Fergusson.Fergusson College was intended to be, “the seminary of the Indian educational missionaries”. Justice Mahadeo Govind Ranade, the wisest protagonist of liberalism and secular political ethos, emerging in Indian Society, described the opening of Fergusson College as having, “unquestionably a great political importance as well”.  The truth of this statement is evidenced by the fact that the Fergusson College has produced great political leaders, such as the former-Prime Ministers P. V. Narasimhrao and V. P. Singh, former-Chief Minister Babubhai Patel, former-Minister of Information and Broadcasting Barrister V. N. Gadgil; Acharya Kripalani, Veer Savarkar and S. M. Joshi.  Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who was described by Mahatma Gandhi, as his political guru and mentor, gave a distinctive touch to the Fergusson College.  In his address delivered at the time of laying of the corner stone of the New English School and the Fergusson college building, on the 5th March 1885, Sir James Fergusson declared that the opening of the College was more a national than a local undertaking.  He said, “… that this institution has developed is due to the self-denying patriotism, which actuated the teachers of the college. True patriots are they and well worthy of all the praise that can be given to them.” All through its 122 years of a shrine–like existence, the Fergusson college has given to the country, from among its alumni, great patriots, thinkers, philosophers, poets, writers, teachers, social workers, scientists, industrialists, entrepreneurs, researchers, administrators and defense officers.  There is no walk of life that has not basked in the sun of the Fergussonian spirit.In keeping with its eminent standing in the educational field, some of its teachers and students have brought laurels to the college, by being appointed as Vice Chancellors of Pune and other Universities.  Notable amongst these are: 

·         Dr. Wrangler G. S. Mahajani,

·         Dr. D. A. Dabholkar,

·         Dr. Ram Takawale,

·         Dr. M. G. Takawale

The college was thus, a fruit of the Renaissance that swept over the land from the beginning of the cultural and intellectual contact with the West. To quote from the Platinum Jubilee Address of the then President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1960): “The Fergusson College was established at a time when the attitude of the Indian masses towards   higher education of the western type was yet in a formative stage and when facilities for such education for the generality of Indian students were inadequate.  Apart from the colleges sponsored and run by Government and Christian Missions, there were few institutions, imparting higher education, managed by private or non-official bodies. The importance of the Deccan Education Society lay in the fact that a devoted band of workers came forward at such a crucial time with a determination to set up educational institutions to make best of the western education under Indian conditions available to the people of this country.  It was an enterprise, which benefited the Nation without offending or alienating the then rulers of India.  Fergusson College is the foremost fruit of that effort.”  The Fergusson College completed 50 years in January 1935 and  Sir C. V. Raman, the only Indian recipient of the prestigious Nobel Award in science, was the President of the Golden Jubilee function.  He spoke in glowing terms of the place of the Fergusson college, in the history of our land, as quoted in his speech- “ … … Standing here today, I feel that history has been written in Poona- history of self-help, history of self-reliance, history of great and constructive national effort– that history has been written in Poona, has been written on this very spot … … ”. Mahatma Gandhi, in his message to Principal Dr. Mahajani on this occasion, wrote, “Who will fail to be enthused over the noble record of the service rendered by the D. E. Society and the Fergusson College to the cause of education?”  The Diamond Jubilee of the Fergusson college was celebrated in 1945 and Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, the veteran liberal leader of India, graced the occasion as the President of the function.  Our first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, expressed his feelings of  the college in his message on this occasion: “ … … With the ideal of selfless service, they have sent out famous and many other non-famous, but nonetheless good workers for India’s freedom and progress. On this occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of the college, I join with the innumerable other persons to wish you ever larger opportunity of training the youth of India and of preparing true citizens of free India”. 

The Platinum Jubilee (‘Amrut Mahotsav’) was celebrated in 1960 in glittering fashion with Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the then President of India, doing the honors as the President of the function.  This was the second visit of Dr. Rajendra Prasad to Fergusson College, the first one being in 1954.  In his speech, he said that in his first meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in 1917, the Fergusson College was referred to by Gandhiji as a role model for other colleges. The 90th Anniversary of the college was celebrated in 1976 under the presidentship of Shri Y. B. Chavan, the then Minister of External Affairs, Government of India.  In his presidential address, he showered words of praise for the great service rendered by Fergusson College to the country.  In his speech, he said, “I am proud to be Rajaramian, but regret that I am not a Fergussonian”.    The Centenary of the college was celebrated on 1st June 1985.  Shri Rajiv Gandhi, the   then Prime Minister of India, said in his speech on the occasion, “Fergusson College symbolizes India coming into the 20th century, symbolizes a new education system being brought in, into our country. In a way, it has built into a genesis of our freedom struggle”.  He referred to Fergusson College as a pocket of excellence producing individuals who can rise to the levels unheard of and unbelievable.  On this occasion, Shri P. V. Narasimhrao, former Prime Minister of India paid great tributes to the college in the following words: “This college, born like a twin of the Indian National Congress, has always kept abreast of the country’s history.  It has produced political leaders of all hues of the political spectrum including ultras and infras, if I may say so, administrators, eminent scholars, researchers, writers, sportsmen and many other categories of celebrities, which any country can be proud of ” 

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Historical Events in Pune

Historical Events in Pune

Year Events

1950 Pune Municipal Transport (PMT) begins operations.
1956 Hindustan Antibiotics (Pimpri) begins operations
1957 60 Industrial areas of Hadapsar, Pimpri, Chinchwad, Bhosari, etc. established
1961  Panshet dam bursts and its waters flood the city, destroying most of the older
  sections, giving a chance for modern town planning concepts to be put into use
1970-80 Pune emerges as the engineering capital of the country especially in the  
  automotive sector with Telco, Bajaj, Kinetic, Bharat Forge, Alfa Laval, Thermax,
  etc. expanding their infrastructure
1970-80 Pune rapidly establishes itself as the Oxford of the East with educational
  institutions especially in the field of higher education being set up throughout
  the city
1988  Pune Festival which coincides with Ganesh Chaturthi launched
1989  Dehu Road-Katraj bypass is completed, reducing traffic congestion in the inner
  city
1990  Sports City comes into existence
1990      Pune begins to attract foreign capital particularly in the information technology
and  engineering industries; new businesses like floriculture and food
processing begin
to take root in and around the city
1998 Work on the six-lane Pune-Mumbai Super expressway begins
1998 Pune’s first flyover is inaugurated at Dashabhuja Ganapati Chowk, Kothrud
1999 Municipal Commissioner Arun Bhatia removed from his post because his tough
stand on unauthorised constructions
1999 The five-hundred acre Software development park developed by STPI is 
  inaugurated near Hinjawdi on the Pune-Mumbai bypass. IT giants like Wipro
  and Infosys set up shop.

PUNE’S PRIDE

P.L.Deshpande   Purushottam Laxman Deshpande

The name which brings a smile to the face of any Marathi reader. P. L. Deshpande was joyful personality of Maharashtra. Every member craves
to recount one P L joke or a scene from his plays, one-man shows, films, books or whatever. He is an integrated part of Marathi Literature.

Keshav Atre
Acharya Pralhad Keshav Atre the renowned litterateur has a massive contribution to Marathi literature. He was a man who left his mark in every field that he entered. His oratorical skills mesmerised the audience, outstanding literary style, humour and his activities in various fields left an every lasting impression on the minds of Maharashtrians.

Bhimsen joshi   Pandit Bhimsen Joshi son of a school master from Gadag, a taluka town in Dharwad district of Karnataka was born in a Brahmin family in February 1922. The internationally acclaimed vocalist who traversed though Bijapur, Pune and finally to Gwalior in search of a guru who could get him to the particulars of Khayal-Gayaki. Till Sawai Gandharva taught him the essentials of Khayal-Gayaki. His rivals admit, there is no other vocalist today in the entire nation who can be compared with Panditji’s who has this unbelievably flexible voice.
 D.G.Kelkar Padmashri Dr. D.G.Kelkar (1896-1990)a resident of Pune, devoted his entire life to build Kelkar
Museum from scratch to crest with his tireless enthusiasm and efforts. Kelkar museum is nothing less than a well-knit poem of this poet-collector with different sections of the Museum as its touching stanzas and the exhibits as its flowering expressions
Sharad Pawar  

SHARAD PAWAR

President of Nationalist Congress Party. He was the former chief Minister of Maharashtra was a former Defence Minister of India and former Leader of Opposition in Loksabha. Always play an important role ina National Politics

Kasba Ganpati
Kasba Ganpati
Kasba Ganpati is the GRAM DAIVAT of Pune. Kasba Peth is near Lal Mahal & the Kasba Ganpati is the Ganpati of First Honor in Pune. So it has the First previlage in the Ganesh Utsav procession.Shivaji Maharaja’s mother Jijabai had put up the statue of Ganesh. On her behalf Dadoji Kondadev had put on a tent in front of the statue of Ganesh.Recently Jija mata Garden has been made next to it, and the statue of Jija mata has also been set there.

Parvati

This is one of the most famous landmarks of Pune. Though the hill is in the Southern half of the city, it is visible from almost every part of Pune. There are 108 steps that lead to the temple dedicated to Parvati and Devadeshwar. There are also temples dedicated to Vishnu, Ganesh and Kartikeya. Climbing to the top of the hill can be rewarding as one can enjoy an excellent paranomic view of Pune. 

 

Pataleshwer Pataleshwar Temple

It has temple dedicated to lord Shiva which is supposedly the shrine. The Nandi and the pillars are carved from one single rock. Located in a part of Pune known as Shivajinagar, this Shiva Temple was made in the 8th century. Cut from one rock, this temple is reminiscent of the Kailasa temple at Ellora. It has a Shiva Shrine as well as one in honour of his bull Nandi

  Gurudwara ( Ganesh Peth )

This Gurudwara is in Ganesh Peth. Sikhs come to this place in large numbers. It is about 2 kms away from Pune Station. The gurudwara is open to all people irrespective of their religion but your shoes must be removed and heads should be covered. The prayers in the Gurudwara  start in the early hours of morning.  The birth anniversaries of the first guru, Guru Nanakdevji and tenth guru, Guru Govindsinghji are celebrated as festivals with great enthusiasm.

 

  
  Omkareshwar Temple

Situated in Shaniwar Peth  it is famous for its stone structure & it held on even in the floods of Panshet in 1962. Amruteshwar and Omkareshwar Shivalayas. The Omkareshwar temple which is about 250 years old has even survived in the 1962 floods which came in pune.

Asthavinayak mean eight Ganeshas.Asthavinayak Yatra concludes only after visiting all the eight temples that are a part of this yatra. This yatra is very famous not only among the Hindus but devotees from all the religions go on the famous Asthavinayak tour. It is believed that one has to complete this Asthavinayak yatra at least once in a life-time.All the eight temples are located in different parts of Maharashtra.

Moreshwar    Moreshwar or Mayureshwar

    Location: Morgaon, Pune District.>  

The temple and idol:
The idol in this temple is  Swayambhu that means self-generated idol with a serpent above the head. The temple has eight Ganesha idols in eight corners. These are Ekadanta, Mahodara, Gajanana, Lambodara, Vikata, Nataraja, Dhumravarna, Vakratunda. The God here is worshipped three times every day: at 7 am, around 12 in the noon and at 8 pm.

Yatra:
According to the Hindu calendar the palkhi of this Ganesh is taken out on Magha Shukla Chaturthi and Bhadrapada Shukla Chaturthi. The palkhi travels from Chinchwad-Pune during both the Chaturthis.

Utsav:
The fair and celebrations are arranged on Vijayadashami Shukla Chaturthi and Krishna Chaturthi, Somavati Amavasya, according to the Hindu calendar.

Legend and history:
Ganesha, riding a peacock, in the form of Mayureshwara is believed to have slain the demon Sindhu at this spot.

Girijamata                                                                                               
                                                                                                 Girijatmaka – Lenyadri
                                                                                                  
                                                                                             Location: Lenyadri ,Pune District

The temple and idol:
The temple is on a hill, which has 283 steps. The hill is full of caves. The idol faces north and this particular idol has to be worshipped form the rear of the temple.

Legend and history:
It is believed that Parvati performed penance to beget Ganesha at this point. This temple stands amidst a cave complex of Buddhist origin. Little is known about its antiquity. It appears that the Ganesha idol came much later than the period in which the caves were built. The temple which stands at a hill top, is in a deserted location and there is no human habitation close by. Even the archaka (priest) lives some distance away.

Tambadi Jogeshwari 
  Tambadi Jogeswari

Tambdi Jogeswari is the Second Ganpati of Honour in Pune. Tambdi Jogeswari was one of the early established Ganesh Mandals. The Mandal has already completed its 100 years. The Idol resembles an elephants. Various functions are organised during the festival by the Mandal. Many people take part in these events keeping social  interest in mind. Many people attend the Aarti to seek blessings.

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Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur is famed to be the second largest dome in the world

The writing on the wall…

Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur is famed to be the second largest dome in the world. Sadly, vandals have defaced this architectural wonder and continue to do it unashamedly. Isn’t it about time people realised the significance of the monument, wonders D R Purohit Kaladagi.

Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur

Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur

Everybody speaks of historical monuments with pride and express concern towards their conservation. Unfortunately, defacing the same monuments continues unchecked. Take, for instance, the Gol Gumbaz of Bijapur. One of the most significant showpieces of Karnataka, the Gol Gumbaz evokes awe and admiration in tourists.

However, in spite of several preventive measures undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), including the clearing of encroachments surrounding the monuments, attempts to spoil the beauty of the monument continues, thanks to a few careless visitors. Sadly, a few locals have also joined this heinous act. Most of these people are educated and do not hesitate to proclaim their achievement (read graffiti) all over the place, dodging the watchful eyes of the ASI staff.

These people descend upon the place equipped with painting material, pen, pencil, markers, etc. They scratch the surface of the monument with keys, nails, coins and metal pieces while women make use of their lipsticks. Sometimes, a few of them get caught, but apart from a public dressing down, the ASI authorities are not empowered to mete just punishment. It is being said that the Central Government is considering bringing an amendment to the law governing the ASI’s efforts in monument preservation, to provide more power to the ASI. If implemented, officials can penalise offenders on the spot.

Most of the visitors are unaware of the significance of these historical monuments and of the fact that these monuments represent the land’s history and heritage. They are also unaware that by scratching their names and messages on the walls, they are diminishing the monument’s beauty. At the same time, they are also busy attempting to evade the ASI staff.

Most of these attacks are carried out on the Whispering Gallery. Hundreds of people rush inside the gallery at a time, showing their ignorance and insensitivity, thereby missing the opportunity to make out the distinguishing features of the gallery. For example, if one were to place a wrist-watch close to one side of the wall, another person can hear its ticking on the other side. But the vulgar screams and loud footsteps do not allow this. Sensitive tourists are helpless in the face of such blatant exhibitionism.

The ASI is considering sending up the tourists in batches, accompanied by security staff who will then bring them down after the stipulated time, as it is felt that a small group of tourists, watched by security, will not be able to cause any damage to the monument. But people feel that this measure may not be sufficient on days when thousands of visitors throng the Gumbaz.

The public must stop those indulging in such acts of vandalism and create awareness on the significance of such historical monuments. Only then will fragile monuments like the Gol Gumbaz remain for our future generations.

The past

The credit for constructing the world-famous mausoleum goes to the Adil Shahi rulers of Bijapur. Among them, Ibrahim Adil Shah, who ruled Bijapur from 1627 to 1657, got the mausoleum Ibrahim Roza, an architectural wonder, built for himself. Son Mohammed Adil Shah went a step further to build a simple but huge mausoleum which is none other than the Gol Gumbaz!

The Gol Gumbaz took around 20 years to be completed. The Gol Gumbaz, which is 205 feet long, 204 feet wide, 200 feet tall and has a circumference of 160 feet, is a blend of Iran and Indo-Persian styles of architecture. Using special technology, the architects built eight arches that pierced each other to form an octogonal platform 90 feet above, upon which the Gumbaz (dome) sits.

The inner diameter of the dome is 125 feet while the outer diameter is 144 feet. The wall is 100 feet thick. Beneath the dome, attached to its inner wall is a 21 feet gallery, where one can witness a unique phenomenon of sound. This is the world-famous Whispering Gallery!

As the story goes, Rambha, a Sri Lankan dancer, falls in love with Mohammed Adil Shah and comes to settle down in Bijapur. One day, while the two are in the Whispering Gallery, Shah asks Rambha to prove her love to him by jumping down the Gumbaz. Without any hesitation, the besotted woman jumps to her death. Her tomb lies beside those of the Shah’s two wives, a daughter and a son, as a token of Shah’s respect for the dancer. Shouldn’t it be preserved?

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Colonel M N Rai

SALUTE TO A FATHER & A NATIONAL HERO Colonel M N Rai
Colonel M N Rai

Colonel M N Rai

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Your LPG dealer can lose licence for late delivery

Your LPG dealer can lose licence for late delivery

Mumbai: There is some good news for homemakers. Oil marketing companies have introduced a new ‘star rating’ system for cooking gas dealers, which will ensure that LPG cylinders are refilled within a stipulated period of time. A dealer failing to provide refills on time risks losing his rating and even his licence if the delivery is not made in eight days.
    In the most-privileged category are the dealers with five-star rating who are expected to be most prompt. They would have to compulsorily deliver cylinders within 48 hours of booking. In case of not delivering within the stipulated period warranted by their rating, they get downgraded to the lower level (see chart for ratings).
    Apart from the timebound delivery for subscribers, the new system also puts pressure on dealers of the three oil marketing companies — IOC, BPCL and HPCL — to compete for more business among themselves as the government has introduced cylinder portability similar to that for mobile numbers. The best-rated dealer among the three OMCs stands to get additional subscribers from competitors who don’t serve their customers well.
    Portability is currently available in the top 15 cities and is expected to be introduced countrywide by next year. A few months back, under a new policy, the government had forced households to surrender multiple cooking gas connections that they used to keep as a buffer for delayed deliveries.
    Confirming the move, BPCL director (marketing) K K Gupta told TOI, “We have started the star ratings scheme to ensure competition among LPG dealers. If we find dealers are delivering cylinders beyond 8 days and get the least rating, we would take action against them and it may lead to cancellation of dealership.”
    Indian Oil has already introduced the new system for its dealerships in Goa. It found that more than 85% of its dealers there managed to achieve 5-star ratings in the last two quarters, which means most of the cylinders in Goa were delivered within 48 hours since April. Similarly, BPCL dealers achieved 100% efficiency in the northeastern states of Meghalaya, Arunanchal Pradesh and Nagaland and the Union territory of Daman & Diu, where most cylinders were delivered within 48 hours in the first quarter. However, HPCL dealers are yet to get 100% ratings in the five-star category in any of the states. They got 100% 4-star ratings in the Union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nager Halevi — most of the cylinders in the two UTs were delivered within four days of booking.
    IOC didn’t perform that well in Kerala, where 81% of the cylinders were delivered after eight days of booking. Pondicherry is the worst performing region for BPCL, where 50% of the LPG cylinders were delivered after eight days in the first quarter. This was worse in the January-March period, when most cylinders were delivered in more than eight days.

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Indian Google boy Kautilya

Indian Google boy Kautilya

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गुगल ड्राइव्हसाठी टिप्स

मोठमोठ्या आकाराच्या फाइल्स शेअर करण्याची इच्छा असणाऱ्यांसाठी गुगल ड्राइव्हने मोठी सोय उपलब्ध केली आहे. आता बहुतांश जणांना गुगल ड्राइव्हचा वापर करण्याची सवय झाली आहे. अशांसाठी गुगल ड्राइव्ह वापरण्यासाठीच्या या काही टिप्स…

की-बोर्ड शॉर्टकट

कुठलेही काम वेगात करायचे असेल तर की-बोर्ड शॉर्टकट्स हा त्याचा राजमार्ग आहे. गुगल ड्राइव्हसाठीही हे शॉर्टकट्स उपलब्ध आहेत. गुगल ड्राइव्हच्या होमपेजवर शिफ्ट आणि ? हे बटन दाबून तुम्ही याच्या की-बोर्ड शॉर्टकट्सची यादी पाहू शकता.

मोठ्या फाइल्स अॅटॅच करण्यासाठी

गुगल ड्राइव्हमुळे फोटो आणि फाइल पाठविणे खूपच सोपे झाले आहे. जीमेलद्वारे ड्राइव्हवरील १० जीबीपर्यंतच्या फाइल अॅटॅच करून पाठविता येतात. या फाइल इमेल ज्या व्यक्तीला पाठविला ती व्यक्ती सहजरित्या ऑनलाइन पाहू शकतील. इमेल पाठविताना या फाइल शेअर केलेल्या नसतील तर गुगल ड्राइव्ह त्याची सूचना देईल.

गुगल ड्राइव्ह एक्स्टेंशन

गुगलने नुकतेच ड्राइव्हचे क्रोमसाठीचे एक्स्टेंशन सादर केले आहे. यामुळे क्रोमवरील काही इमेजेस किंवा वेबपेज राइट क्लिक करून थेट गुगल ड्राइव्हवर सेव्ह करता येईल. यामुळे क्रोम वापरणाऱ्यांसाठी वेबपेजेस थेट गुगल ड्राइव्हवर सेव्ह करणे सोपे झाले आहे.

फाइल व्हर्जन
गुगल ड्राइव्हमध्ये एका फाइलच्या १०० पर्यंत रिव्हिजन करता येतात आणि त्या ३० दिवसांपर्यंत पाहता येतात. फाइल मेन्यूमधून रिव्हिजन हिस्ट्रीद्वारे हे बदल पाहता येतात. यामुळे बदल करण्यापूर्वीची फाइलही पाहता येईल आणि पूर्वीच्या व्हर्जन आवश्यक नसतील तर डिलीट करून ती स्पेस इतर गोष्टींसाठी वापरता येईल.

डिफॉल्ट डॉक्युमेंट फोल्डर

गुगल ड्राइव्हचा वापर डिफॉल्ट डॉक्युमेंट फोल्डर म्हणूनही करता येऊ शकतो. विंडोजमध्ये कुठल्याही डॉक्युमेंटवर राइट क्लिक करून प्रॉपर्टीजमध्ये गेल्यावर इनक्लूड फोल्डरवर क्लिक करून गुगल ड्राइव्ह फोल्डर सिलेक्ट करून सेट सेव्ह लोकेशनवर क्लिक करा.

डिलीट केलेल्या फाइल्स मिळवणे

गुगल ड्राइव्हवरील फाइल्स चुकून डिलीट झाली , तरी घाबरण्याचे कारण नाही. ऑनलाइन व्हर्जनवर क्लिक करून डाव्या बाजूला असलेल्या मेनूमधून मोअर सिलेक्ट करा आणि ट्रॅश सिलेक्ट केल्यावर तुमची फाइल तुम्हाला मिळेल. यावर राइट क्लिक करून तुम्ही ती पुन्हा रिस्टोअर करू शकता.

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - October 1, 2013 at 1:57 am

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मुस्लिम युवकांना नाहक त्रास नको!

दहशतवादाच्या नावाखाली निरपराध मुस्लिम युवकांना नाहक ताब्यात घेऊ नका , असे पत्र केंद्रीय गृहमंत्री सुशीलकुमार शिंदे यांनी सोमवारी सर्व राज्यांच्या मुख्यमंत्र्यांना पाठवून नवा वाद निर्माण केला आहे. मुस्लिम युवकांना अयोग्य पद्धतीने अडकवून सुरक्षा यंत्रणाकडून त्रास देण्यात येत असल्याबद्दल केंद्र सरकारकडे अनेक तक्रारी येत आहेत. आपल्या मूलभूत अधिकारांवरच गदा येत असल्याची या युवकांची भावना असल्याचे शिंदेंनी पत्रात म्हटले आहे.

हे पत्र म्हणजे आगामी लोकसभा निवडणुका डोळ्यासमोर ठेवून केलेले मतांचे राजकारण असल्याची टीका भाजपने केली असून धर्माच्या नावावर देशात फूट पाडण्याचा प्रयत्न केल्याबद्दल शिंदे यांनी तातडीने राजीनामा द्यावा , अशी मागणी केली आहे. भाकपनेही काँग्रेसवर मुस्लिम अनुनयाचा आरोप केला आहे. शिंदेंनी मात्र भाजपची राजीनाम्याची मागणी फेटाळली आहे. तसेच काँग्रेसने शिंदेंची पाठराखण केली आहे.

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ज्येष्ठांचे वय वाढवले! ६०चे ६५ केले

ज्येष्ठांना त्यांच्या हक्काच्या सोयीसुविधा , सवलती देण्याच्या उद्देशाने केंद्र सरकारच्या धर्तीवर राज्य सरकारने तयार केलेले बहुप्रतीक्षित ज्येष्ठ नागरिक धोरण सोमवारी राज्य सरकारने जागतिक ज्येष्ठ नागरिक दिनाचे औचित्य साधून जाहीर केले. पण , या धोरणामध्ये ज्येष्ठ नागरिकांचे वय ६० वरून ६५ वर नेल्याने ही भेट म्हणजे ज्येष्ठ नागरिकांची थट्टाच ठरल्याची संतप्त प्रतिक्रिया ज्येष्ठ नागरिक संघटनांकडून व्यक्त होत आहे. ज्येष्ठांचे वय पाच वर्षांनी वाढवल्याने सुमारे २२ लाख ज्येष्ठ नागरिक यापुढेही सोयींपासून वंचित राहणार आहेत!

केंद्र सरकारने ज्येष्ठ नागरिक धोरण निश्चित केल्यानंतर १५ वर्षांनी राज्यात असे धोरण निश्चित करण्यात आले आहे. तब्बल पाच वर्षे अनेक सामाजिक संस्थांचे प्रतिनिधी , सरकारी अधिकारी यांच्या बैठका , चर्चा झाल्यानंतर त्याचा आराखडा निश्चित झाला. संयुक्त राष्ट्रे आण‌ि केंद्र , राज्य सरकारच्या विविध धोरणांमध्ये ६० वर्षांवरील व्यक्ती म्हणजे ज्येष्ठ असे स्पष्ट केले असतानाही राज्य सरकारच्या धोरणामध्ये वयोमर्यादा बदलून सरकारने पुन्हा ज्येष्ठांना डावलल्याचे स्पष्ट झाले आहे. आम्ही या तरतुदीला विरोध करणार असून लवकरच बैठक घेऊन पुढचा कार्यक्रम ठरवू , असे आइस्कॉनचे माजी अध्यक्ष डॉ. किंजवडेकर यांनी सांगितले.

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Study busts the myth about Bangla migrants

Study busts the myth about Bangla migrants

thy neighbours | MU prof’s study reveals that Cong-led govt did a better job than Sena at deporting illegal aliens

Mumbai: Research conducted by a Mumbai University professor has deflated the highly controversial issue of Bangladeshi migration which was being politically exploited by the Shiv Sena for a long time.
The study says the Shiv Sena-BJP combine deported only 2,793 Bangladeshis from Mumbai during its tenure lasting from 1995 to 1999. On the other hand, the Congress-led government, which ruled the state from 1990-1994 and during 2000-2004, deported 3,189 and 2,340 Bangladeshis respectively during those two stints in power. The deportation data was obtained from the Mumbai police.
The Shiv Sena, which has been milking the migration issue, used to claim that there were 5-6 lakh Bangladeshi migrants in Mumbai.
The study by Vanita Banjan is part of her PhD thesis ‘Migration and nation states in Asia: Bangladeshi migrants in India’, which was submitted to the University of Mumbai earlier this year. A professor of political science at SIES College, Sion, Banjan was awarded the degree in July this year. The study also covered Bangladeshi migration to north-east Indian states.
“The Shiv Sena-BJP win in 1995 is attributed to the migrant issue which it had fanned. Anti-Bangladeshi propaganda also struck a chord among the people. However, it was nothing but exasperated reaction of the local population to their enervation to cope with internal migration. This manifested itself by targeting Bangladeshis,” Banjan said.
The research said: “The Shiv Sena chief spewed venom against migrants by suggesting that the only thing they brought to Mumbai was population. They didn’t contribute to the growth of the city and only caused its deterioration. He also lamented that migrants transformed the city into a ‘toilet’.”
The study said, “Shiv Sena noticed that ethnic Gujarati and Tamil communities flourished at the expense of the Marathis.”

Be the first to comment - What do you think?  Posted by admin - September 25, 2013 at 3:45 pm

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